Understanding Dyspraxia and its Connection to the Brain

Understanding Dyspraxia and its Connection to the Brain


Dyspraxia is a coordination disorder that affects an individual’s ability to perform certain movements and navigate through space. Despite being invisible, dyspraxia is not a result of intellectual deficiencies. It is often accompanied by other conditions such as visuo-spatial dyspraxia, dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyscalculia, and ADHD.

In this tutorial, write by, Leonardo Leblond Miranda, psychomotor therapist, we will explore the relationship between dyspraxia and the brain, as well as the role of primitive reflexes.

The Brain and Dyspraxia

Individuals with dyspraxia have normal cognitive abilities but experience localized dysfunction in specific regions of the brain. The left hemisphere is responsible for language, reading, and spelling, while the right hemisphere plays a role in spatial orientation, fine motor skills, coordination, and planning. The prefrontal cortex acts as the conductor, overseeing attention, concentration, memory, and impulse control. Since dyspraxia can manifest in various forms, it involves different areas of the brain, making it a complex condition to understand and manage.

Signs and Symptoms

What may seem simple to most of us can be challenging for individuals with dyspraxia. Everyday tasks like tying shoelaces, getting dressed, using utensils, cutting food, pouring water, riding a bike, catching a ball, or engaging in arts and crafts can be difficult. Dyspraxic individuals may struggle with drawing, writing, using rulers, or even organizing thoughts on paper. They may also have difficulty with time and spatial awareness, finding classrooms in school, or following instructions. The effort required to perform these actions demands significant attention and concentration, often leading to academic difficulties, anxiety, low self-esteem, and even depression.

Support and Intervention

While there is no one-size-fits-all solution for dyspraxia,. There are various interventions and strategies that can help individuals cope with their challenges. It is crucial to undergo tests or assessments to determine the severity and specific areas of impairment. Occupational therapy, psychomotor therapy, and podiatry are among the professional interventions available. In educational settings, adaptations such as providing extra time,. Using assistive technology, and modifying teaching methods can support the needs of dyspraxic students. Additionally, parents often find ways to create a more supportive environment by using practical aids such as Velcro shoes,. Buttonless clothing, or eating from shallow bowls. However, progress in managing dyspraxia is often slow and not readily apparent.

The Role of Primitive Reflexes

Recent research has shown a growing interest in the role of primitive reflexes in dyspraxia. Primitive reflexes are automatic movements that are typically present during infancy but should gradually integrate as a child grows. However, some individuals with dyspraxia continue to exhibit active primitive reflexes, which can impact their motor skills and overall development. Exploring the integration of these reflexes through practices like reflex integration therapy has shown promising results in improving motor coordination and learning abilities.


Understanding Dyspraxia and its Connection to the Brain

Dyspraxia is a complex condition that affects an individual’s ability to coordinate movements and navigate through space. Despite the challenges it presents, it is important to remember that dyspraxic individuals possess normal intelligence and can thrive with the right support and intervention. By understanding the relationship between dyspraxia and the brain,. As well as exploring the role of primitive reflexes, we can work towards creating a more inclusive and accommodating society for individuals with dyspraxia.

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